Stephen Hawking, best-known physicist of his time, has died

Stephen Hawking, best-known physicist of his time, has died

Stephen Hawking, best-known physicist of his time, has died
In this March 6, 2017 file photo, Britain's Professor Stephen Hawking delivers a keynote speech as he receives the Honorary Freedom of the City of London during a ceremony at the Guildhall in the City of London. Hawking, whose brilliant …more

Stephen Hawking, whose brilliant mind ranged across time and space though his body was paralyzed by disease, died early Wednesday, a University of Cambridge spokesman said. He was 76 years old.
Hawking died peacefully at his home in Cambridge, England.
The best-known theoretical physicist of his time, Hawking wrote so lucidly of the mysteries of space, time and black holes that his book, "A Brief History of Time," became an international best seller, making him one of science's biggest celebrities since Albert Einstein.
"He was a great scientist and an extraordinary man whose work and legacy will live on for many years," his children Lucy, Robert and Tim said in a statement. "He was a great scientist and an extraordinary man whose work and legacy will live on for many years. His courage and persistence with his brilliance and humour inspired people across the world. He once said, 'It would not be much of a universe if it wasn't home to the people you love.' We will miss him forever."
Even though his body was attacked by amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS, when Hawking was 21, he stunned doctors by living with the normally fatal illness for more than 50 years. A severe attack of pneumonia in 1985 left him breathing through a tube, forcing him to communicate through an electronic voice synthesizer that gave him his distinctive robotic monotone.
But he continued his scientific work, appeared on television and married for a second time.
As one of Isaac Newton's successors as Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge University, Hawking was involved in the search for the great goal of physics—a "unified ."
Such a theory would resolve the contradictions between Einstein's General Theory of Relativity, which describes the laws of gravity that govern the motion of large objects like planets, and the Theory of Quantum Mechanics, which deals with the world of subatomic particles.

Stephen Hawking, best-known physicist of his time, has died
In this March 30, 2015 file photo, Professor Stephen Hawking poses for photographers upon arrival for the Interstellar Live show at the Royal Albert Hall in central London. Hawking, whose brilliant mind ranged across time and space though …more

For Hawking, the search was almost a religious quest—he said finding a "theory of everything" would allow mankind to "know the mind of God."
"A complete, consistent unified theory is only the first step: our goal is a complete understanding of the events around us, and of our own existence," he wrote in "A Brief History of Time."
In later years, though, he suggested a unified theory might not exist.
He followed up "A Brief History of Time" in 2001 with the more accessible sequel "The Universe in a Nutshell," updating readers on concepts like super gravity, naked singularities and the possibility of an 11-dimensional universe.
Hawking said belief in a God who intervenes in the universe "to make sure the good guys win or get rewarded in the next life" was wishful thinking.
"But one can't help asking the question: Why does the universe exist?" he said in 1991. "I don't know an operational way to give the question or the answer, if there is one, a meaning. But it bothers me."
The combination of his best-selling book and his almost total disability—for a while he could use a few fingers, later he could only tighten the muscles on his face—made him one of science's most recognizable faces.
He made cameo television appearances in "The Simpsons" and "Star Trek" and counted among his fans U2 guitarist The Edge, who attended a January 2002 celebration of Hawking's 60th birthday.

NASA’s Juno Orbiter Delivers Spectacular New Photos of Jupiter

NASA’s Juno Orbiter Delivers Spectacular New Photos of Jupiter


NASA’s Juno Orbiter Delivers Spectacular New Photos of Jupiter


The Pentagon’s Mysterious U.F.O. Program:Glowing Auras and ‘Black Money

Pentagon Secret UFO Sightings: The Strangest Discoveries in Search for Aliens

A secretive Pentagon program investigating unidentified flying objects (UFOs) and evidence of alien life has been uncovered, revealing several sightings of peculiar aircraft by members of the U.S. military.
The Pentagon claims that the Advanced Aerospace Threat Identification Program was terminated in 2012 after five years in order to focus time and resources on other issues.
But despite the Pentagon insisting the program—first reported by The New York Times on Saturday—ended with the termination of its funding, its backers claim it is still in existence. Below are some of the most bizarre sightings laid out in the declassified reports.
Pentagon UFO Sightings: Las Vegas Research Facility
In order to investigate reports of UFO sightings, a building in Las Vegas was modified to house any materials that were suspected to have come from an unidentified flying object.
ufo aliens pentagon program department of defenseA sign off route U.S. 285, north of Roswell, New Mexico, points west to the alleged 1947 crash site of a flying saucer on the Corn Ranch. Reuters 
This reportedly included metal alloys and plastics, while a section of the facility was also used to study people who claimed to have had contact with the objects that resulted in physical and physiological changes.
The Las Vegas-based facility also described sightings of flying objects that remained airborne despite no visible signs of propulsion or lift.
Pentagon UFO Sightings: ‘Whole fleet’ of Glowing Auras
Among the UFO sightings investigated by the U.S. Department of Defense was a rotating glowing aura that travelled at high speeds. The footage was captured from a Navy F/A-18 Super Hornet, though officials refused to give more details about the time or date of the sightings.

An audio recording from the Navy pilots who witnessed the peculiar aerial phenomena suggests there was more than one of the UFOs. “There’s a whole fleet of them,” one pilot is heard saying.
Another pilot responds: “My gosh. They are all going against the wind, the wind is 120 miles to the west… look at that thing dude.”
11_07_Pentagon_DoDAerial photo of the Pentagon in Arlington, Virgina on September 26, 2003. (Photo by Andy Dunaway/USAF via Getty Images) 
Pentagon UFO Sightings: Oval object in San Diego
Program officials also investigated events that took place prior to the program coming into existence, studying videos captured by cameras aboard military aircraft.
This included a 2004 video of a bright oval-shaped object off the coast of San Diego, which was determined by the pilots of the fighter jets pursuing it to be the size of a commercial aircraft.
Pentagon UFO Sightings: ‘Black Money’ Funding
The Advanced Aerospace Threat Identification Program was funded with less than 0.004 percent of the Defense Department’s annual budget, which is partly why it has gone unreported for more than a decade.
The $22 million funding came thanks to Nevada Democrat and UFO enthusiast Harry Reid, who passed the majority of the money to his friend Robert Bigelow’s aerospace research firm Bigelow Aerospace.
If anyone says they have the answers, they’re fooling themselves.

We don’t know the answers but we have plenty of evidence to support asking the questions. This is about science and national security. If America doesn’t take the lead in answering these questions, others will.
— Senator Harry Reid (@SenatorReid) December 16, 2017
Reid referred to these funds as “black money,” as only himself and two other senators—Alaska Republican Ted Stevens and Hawaii Democrat Daniel K. Inouye—knew of the program.

Stephen Hawking:Cigar-shaped asteroid 'Oumuamua' could be an alien space...

Even Stephen Hawking thinks mysterious cigar-shaped asteroid 'Oumuamua' could be an alien spaceship

It's the first object discovered in the solar system that appears to have originated from another part of the galaxy

A scientific body backed by Stephen Hawking is investigating whether a cigar-shaped object that zipped through our solar system earlier this year could have been an alien spaceship.
Astronomers from the University of Hawaii first spotted the mysterious celestial body known as "Oumuamua" in October, when it passed the Earth at about 85 times the distance to the moon. 
It is the first object discovered in the solar system that appears to have originated from another part of the galaxy.
Although thought to be an asteroid, Oumuamua's elongated shape - hundreds of metres in length but only one tenth as wide - is highly unusual for a space rock.
Travelling at up to 196,000 mph, the object's high speed also suggests that it is not gravitationally bound to the sun but is destined to head back out of the solar system.

Artist's impression showing the first interstellar asteroid: Oumuamua 

Now Breakthrough Listen , a $100 million programme backed by British physicist Stephen Hawking, Russian digital tech mogul Yuri Milner, and Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg, is investigating whether Oumuamua may have unnatural origins. 
The organisation, whose aim is to search for evidence of civilizations beyond Earth, is using the world's largest manoeuvrable radio telescope at Green Bank in West Virginia to track the object.
The giant dish began "listening" to the object across four radio frequency bands on Wednesday, December 13, in an attempt to detect electromagnetic signals that cannot be produced in nature.
The detection of these signals could indicate the object is not an interstellar asteroid, as many believe, but some kind of alien starship . 

The Green Bank radio telescope in West Virginia, US which is tracking Oumuamua 

"Researchers working on long-distance space transportation have previously suggested that a cigar or needle shape is the most likely architecture for an interstellar spacecraft, since this would minimise friction and damage from interstellar gas and dust," said Breakthrough Listen in a statement.
"While a natural origin is more likely, there is currently no consensus on what that origin might have been, and Breakthrough Listen is well positioned to explore the possibility that Oumuamua could be an artifact."
Meanwhile, Dr Jason Wright, an associate professor of astronomy and astrophysics at Penn State University, claims the motion of the strange object could be key to discovering its origin.
Rather than speeding smoothly through space like a rocket or an aeroplane, astronomers believe that Oumuamua is "tumbling" through our solar system.
According to Dr Wright, this is consistent with the motion of a spaceship whose engines have failed.
"Such derelict craft would, if they are not travelling so fast that they escape the Galaxy, eventually 'thermalize' with the stars and end up drifting around like any other interstellar comet or asteroid," he wrote in a blog post . 
"In fact, since they (presumably) no longer have attitude control, one would expect that they would eventually begin to tumble, and if they are very rigid that tumbling might distinguish them from ordinary interstellar asteroids... and in fact, just because their propulsion is broken doesn’t mean that their radio transmitters would be broken..."
The object is currently about two astronomical units (AU) from Earth - or twice the distance between the Earth and sun.
At this distance it would take less than a minute for the Green Bank telescope to detect an omnidirectional transmitter with the power of a mobile phone.

Oumuamua comes from another part of the galaxy 

Even if no evidence of extraterrestrial technology is found, the search could provide important information about gases surrounding Oumuamua or the presence or absence of water, according to the researchers.
"Oumuamua's presence within our solar system affords Breakthrough Listen an opportunity to reach unprecedented sensitivities to possible artificial transmitters," said Listen’s Andrew Siemion, director of Berkeley SETI Research Center. 
"Whether this object turns out to be artificial or natural, it’s a great target for Listen ." 
Breakthrough Listen aims to survey a million nearby stars and 100 nearby galaxies looking for alien signals.
Since the 1960s, there have been more than 98 SETI projects around the world, none of which have turned up any convincing evidence of extraterrestrial civilisations.

TRACES of Noah’s Ark have been found on a mountain according to researchers

Noah’s Ark FOUND? Researchers believe THIS mountain is biblical ship’s final resting place
TRACES of Noah’s Ark have been found on a mountain according to researchers who believe it is the final resting place of the ship.

Ark investigators believe they have found traces of a wooden structure on Mount Ararat, also known as Agri Mountain, in Agri, Turkey.
American researcher Professor Paul Esprante said he intends finding more evidence to prove the Ark landed there.
He was one of 108 scientists from Turkey and around the world speaking at the three-day International Symposium of Mount Ararat and Noah's Ark in Agri, which looks at evidence put forward for the Ark's final resting place.
He said: “My purpose is to visit the sites around the mountain to find clues about catastrophic events in the past.
“I think that rigorous, serious scientific work is needed in the area, and I would like to collaborate in that. 
"We have technical resources and we can work together with local experts.
"The result of my findings will be published in books, publications and journals, but at this point it is too early to know what we are going to find.
“Once the scientific community knows about the existence of Noah’s Ark in Mount Ararat, we can make it available to the general public.”
Istanbul University Prof Dr Oktay Belli said: “Noah’s Ark, the Flood is not a myth but a real incident mentioned in all holy books.”

According to Genesis 8:4 the Ark landed on the “mountains of Ararat” on the 150th day of the great flood.
Dr Andrew Snelling wrote on "Several teams have continued searching for the real Ark. 
"Most of them have focused on Mount Ararat in northeastern Turkey, where eyewitness accounts of a wooden structure have spurred interest for centuries. 
"The biblical reference to 'mountains of Ararat' as the landing site of the Ark suggests those mountains formed well before the Flood ended. 
"The Flood was a global catastrophe that totally reshaped the earth’s geology, and the earth’s surface has continued to change since then. 
"Perhaps the geology of the modern Mount Ararat region sheds light on whether we should be looking for Noah’s Ark on that mountain."
Dr Snelling is not convinced it is the right location.
“My purpose is to visit the sites around the mountain to find clues about catastrophic events in the past.”
Professor Paul Esprante
He added: "The volcano now called Mount Ararat did not grow until well after the ocean (flood) waters had retreated. 
"Furthermore, the lavas and ash layers of Mount Ararat date to the time of the post-Flood Ice Age. 
"This is consistent with Mount Ararat being built after the Flood on top of a dry plateau. 
"Mount Ararat is thus a post-Flood volcano, which continued to erupt, most recently less than 200 years ago.
"Thus, from my perspective as a biblical geologist, I do not expect to find Noah’s Ark on Mount Ararat. 
"Instead, it must have landed on another high mountain in the region at that time."

There have been claims made in previous years for evidence of the ark being found on the peak.
In April 2010 a team of team of evangelical Christian explorers claimed to find the remains of Noah's ark beneath snow and volcanic debris on Mount Ararat.
Turkish and Chinese explorers from a group called Noah's Ark Ministries International made the claim.
Filmmaker eung Wing-cheung said: "It's not 100 percent that it is Noah's ark, but we think it is 99.9 percent that this is it."
However, the claim was not widely accepted or confirmed.

Paul Zimansky, then an archaeologist specialising in the Middle East at Stony Brook University in New York State, said: "I don't know of any expedition that ever went looking for the ark and didn't find it."

Slowing Down Earth Rotation will Cause Great Earthquakes in 2018

Scientists warn of huge earthquakes in 2018 due to Earth’s slowing rotation

High-budget Hollywood disaster flicks love to make up weird natural phenomena to vaguely explain why a bunch of crazy catastrophes are about to threaten the very existence of mankind, but they’re almost always complete bunk. Now, a new study featuring actual science suggests that 2018 could see a spike in huge earthquakes around the globe, and it’s thanks to the Earth’s rotation slowing down.
The research, which was presented in a paper by scientists at the University of Colorado at Boulder and the University of Montana at Missoula, focuses on historic earthquake trends and seems to draw a pretty strong link between periods of slower Earth rotation and rashes of major quakes.

It sure sounds like a sci-fi plot point, but the science is based purely in reality. The study’s authors plotted earthquake activity going back over 100 years, and thanks to the wealth of data available they were able to determine that the temporary slowing of Earth’s rotation seems to be linked to the most devastating and frequent earthquake outbreaks.
The Earth’s rotation is usually incredibly consistent, but it does go through brief spells where it rotates a tad slower than normal. The change would never be noticeable to anyone if not for the precise equipment scientists use to measure it, and it only affects the length of the day by milliseconds at most. These temporary dips are a well documented phenomenon, but they never last long before the Earth starts to speed back up again.
During these periods, the researchers say that major earthquakes — that is, quakes that register a magnitude of 7 or greater — happen with much greater frequency. In an average year we expect a little over a dozen of these types of quakes around the world, but in years where the Earth’s rotation slows that number spikes to has high as 30. In 2018 the Earth is expected to reach its slowest rotational speed before picking up the pace once more, and that could spell doom for earthquake-prone regions.
“Next year we should see a significant increase in numbers of severe earthquakes,” study co-author Roger Bilham explains. “We have had it easy this year. So far we have only had about six severe earthquakes. We could easily have 20 a year starting in 2018.”

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